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Syrian conflict continues despite relentless bids to end it

Turkish patrols in Syrian city
Turkish patrols in Syrian city

KUWAIT, Dec 28 (KUNA) -- The Syrian conflict broke out in March 2011 and claimed lives of hundreds of thousands of people, while injuring many more others.

The conflict shattered the country with many players involved in the crisis.

Following are major events related to the Syrian crisis in 2019

Jan. 10: US military official affirms American troops were withdrawing equipment and munitions from Syria.

Jan. 13: Israel launches airstrike on Damascus international airport.

Jan. 15: New UN Special Envoy for Syria Geir Pedersen arrives in Damascus on first visit since replacing former envoy Staffan de Mistura.

Jan. 15: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says his country will establish a safe zone in south Turkey near the borders with Syria in cooperation with the US.

Jan. 16: Thousands of individuals, including fighters from the so-called Islamic State (IS) exit the area east Euphrates in Syria.

Jan. 16: Explosion in Manbej city central Syria leads to death of four US soldiers.

Jan. 23: The European Union (EU) imposes new list of sanctions on Syria, which includes 11 Syrians and five companies said to support the Assad Regime.

Feb. 14: Fourth Sochi Summit in Russia is held with participation of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Iranian President Hassan Rohani.

March 7: Lawyers launch two war crimes criminal cases against Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad, the legal move was the first of its kind on the level of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

March 13: Syria Democratic Forces announce the surrendering of 3,000 IS fighters and their families in Al-Baghuz area, eastern Syria.

March 22: Syrian government condemns statements by US President Donald Trump, which recognized the Israeli sovereignty over the occupied Golan Heights.

March 23: Syria Democratic Forces announce the retraining of Al-Bahguz region, eastern Syria, from IS.

March 25: US President Donald Trump official signs an order recognizing officially Israeli's sovereignty over the Golan Heights. March 26: Syria calls on UNSC to hold emergency meeting to look into the issue of the Golan Heights, occupied by Israeli since 1967. The request comes after President Trump recognized the area under Israeli sovereignty.

March 28: Syrian air defense thwarts Israeli airstrike targeting northeast Aleppo city. May 17: The UN held an emergency meeting to discuss the military escalation in Syria's Idlib, upon a request from Germany, Belgium and Kuwait. The UN noted that the escalation threatens the lives of three million people, welcoming the forming of a Turkish-Russian team to end fighting in Idlib.

May 17: The European Union (EU) extended sanctions imposed on the Syrian regime for another year, ending in 2020.

June 3: The evacuation of about 800 women and children, belonging to families of members of the so-called Islamic State (IS) started at Al-Hawl refugee camp, north Syria.

July 1: Four civilians killed and 21 others injured in an Israeli missile attack on military sites near Damascus and Homs.

July 10: Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad fired head of the Air Intelligence Directorate, Maj. Gen. Jamil Hassan.

July 1: Four civilians, including a baby, were killed and 21 others injured in Sahnaya town in Damascus Countryside, Syria due to missiles fired by Israeli warplanes targeting military sites in Damascus and Homs.

July 10: Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad has relieved the head of his Air Force Intelligence Jamil Al-Hassan from his post just days after extending his term for a year.

July 14: Syrian opposition factions have shot down a government warplane in the countryside of Idlib province, near the town of Khan Sheikhoun.

Aug. 20: Syrian opposition factions have withdrawn from the town of Khan Sheikhoun, southern Idlib, following the advancement of the Russian-backed government forces to the area.

Aug. 24: Israeli army announced carrying out an air strike, via drone planes, against Iran-loyal forces near Damascus, Syria.

Aug. 30: Russia announced that Syrian government forces would unilaterally uphold a ceasefire in the country's northwestern Idlib province starting August 31.

Aug. 30: The UN warned of an inevitable humanitarian disaster in Idlib, Syria after hundreds of civilians were reportedly killed and thousands of people displaced due to escalating military situation in the province.

Aug. 31: The US forces carried out an airstrike against Al-Qaeda in Syria leadership at a facility in north of Idlib.

Sept. 21: Syrian army shot down an Israeli drone loaded with cluster bombs over Jabal Al-Sheikh near the occupied Golan Heights. 

Oct. 3: Russian President Vladimir Putin announced end of the large-scale combat operations in Syria, stressing the importance of a political settlement to solve the crisis in the country.
   Oct. 5: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced his country's anticipation to execute a military operation's plan in eastern Euphrates River region in North Syria, aiming to spread peace and expel terrorists.
   Oct. 7: US President Donald Trump affirmed his resolve to bring back his country's troops operating in northeastern Syria.
   Oct. 8:  US President Donald Trump threatened to "obliterate" Turkey's economy if it uses "unforced or unnecessary fighting" in northern Syria.
   Oct. 9: Turkey deployed military reinforcements to its forces sites on the Turkish-Syrian borders in preparation to carry out military operations in Syria's northern areas. Erdogan announced start of operations.
   Oct. 9: Kuwait said Turkish military operations threatened regional security and stability, urging for self-restrain and seek non-military options.
   Oct. 11: President Erdogan announced that his country would not stop its military operation in northern Syria despite worldwide criticisms, and Russian aborted a draft UNSC resolution calling for operations' halt.
   Oct. 12: UN reports indicated that some 100,000 people have fled their homes in northern Syria, while 11 civilians were killed in northeastern the country due to Turkish forces' offensive on several villages in the area.
   Oct. 12: Arab Foreign Ministers said the military operations were violating international law and an attempt to change the demographic status in Syria.
   Oct. 13: The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria confirmed that at least 750 people linked to IS have fled Ayn Issa camp, northeastern Syria, due to Turkish offensive against Kurdish forces in the area.
   Oct. 14: Syrian army units arrived in northern areas of the country to aid Kurdish forces in facing the Turkish military operation.
   Oct. 15: The United States imposed sanctions on Turkish officials over Turkish army's continued military operations in northern Syria.
   Oct. 16: President Erdogan informed his US counterpart of Ankara's rejection of a ceasefire in northeastern Syria despite US sanctions on Turkish officials.
   Oct. 17: Turkey approved a five-day cessation of operations to allow Kurdish armed men's withdrawal beyond a 32-kilometer-deep zone.
   Oct. 18: Turkey and the US said they would continue coordination, protect territories of NATO member countries, respect human rights, as well as religious and ethnic communities.
   Oct. 22: Turkey and Russia agreed to give some Kurdish fighters another 150 hours to withdraw.
   Oct. 23: Russian forces started deployment in the border area between Turkey and Syria.
   Oct. 24: President Trump lifted sanctions he imposed on Turkey nine days ago, in the wake of the ceasefire agreement in northern Syria.
   Nov. 1: UN envoy to Syria Geir Pedersen said Syrian constitution committee members approved formation of a 45-member commission representing the government, opposition and civil society organizations.
   Nov. 2: Turkish Defense Ministry said at least 13 people killed in a car explosion in Turkish-controlled Tal Abyadh town in northern Syria.
   Nov. 8: Russia deployed Military Helicopters to patrol Syria-Turkey borders. 
   Nov. 10: Turkish Authorities announced that 8 people were killed by car blast in Tal Abyadh, Syria.
   Nov. 19: Four rockets were launched from Syria toward the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights.
   Nov. 19:  The Syrian oil ministry said that all production sections in Syria's Banias refinery, near the Mediterranean coast, are back to work.
   Nov.20: Israel strikes dozens of targets in Syria over rockets fired by Iranian forces.
   Nov. 24: At least two civilians were killed and other injured in Russian airstrikes in the Idlib de-escalation zone in northwestern Syria.
   Nov. 26: Three people were killed due to air strikes targeted oil refineries in Aleppo, Syria.
   Nov.29: UN Envoy Geir Pedersen announced that Syria's Constitutional Talks End without Reaching Consensus on Agenda.
   Dec. 2: Syrian Pound plummets by 25 percent to a record low, exchanging at USD 950 per pound.
   Dec. 3: US President Donald Trump claims that his country was in control of Syrian oil resources, using the vital resources as America pleases.
   Dec. 5: US Defense Secretary Mark Esper says American troops withdrew from northeastern Syria with around 600 personnel only present in the war-torn country.
   Dec. 8: Turkish President Erdogan says his country's troops will not withdraw from Syria except on the behest of the Syrian people.
   Dec. 9: President Erdogan announces that one million Syrians were being resettled in Tell Abyadh and Ras Al-Ayn towns in northern Syria. Turkey spends around USD 40 billion on Syrian refugees on its lands.
   Dec. 14: Final statement on the 14th of the Astana talks refuses any talks about self-governed regions in Syria. The document also expresses concerns over the increasing presence of "terror" groups in Idlib.
   Dec. 17: UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres urged the Security Council to approve a resolution - tabled by Kuwait, Germany and Belgium - to allow delivery of humanitarian aid through borders and front lines of conflicts for another year.
   Dec. 20: China and Russia vetoed the draft resolution, and Syria refused the draft document.
   Dec. 23: Ten of thousands of refugees escaped from Idlib Syria towards borders with Turkey. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan warned that his country could not handle the increasing number of refugees. (end)