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New leaders arrive; others walk out of door in '19

Japan's Emperor Naruhito proclaimed his ascension to the throne in an elaborate ceremony
Japan's Emperor Naruhito proclaimed his ascension to the throne in an elaborate ceremony
KUWAIT, Dec 26 (KUNA) -- New leaders came to power while others left office in 2019, a year where people in some countries revolted against the ruling regimes seeking better living conditions, equality and justice.
Following are major events related to world leaders.
Jan. 20: The constitutional court of the Democratic Republic of the Congo announced Felix Tshisekedi's presidential election winner.
Jan. 23: US President Donald Trump officially recognizing the President of the President of the Venezuelan National Assembly, Juan Guaido, as Venezuela's Interim President.
Jan. 31: Sultan Abdullah bin Ahmad Shah sworn as the new Malaysian king after the resignation of Malaysian King, Sultan Muhammad V, with no reasons given.
Feb. 26: Nigerian Independent National Electoral Commission announces winning of Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari a second term at the presidency elections.
March 4: Leader of Estonia's opposition center-right Reform party Kaja Kallas wins parliamentary elections and became the country's first female prime minister.
March 5: Senegal's Macky Sall claims victory on presidential elections with 58 percent of votes.
March 8: Finland's government resigns after failing in plans to reform the healthcare throwing the country into political limbo.
March 19: Kazakhstan's president announces his retirement after nearly 30 years as leader of the central Asian nation.
March 31: Liberal lawyer Susanna Caputova won the presidential election in Slovakia with 58 percent of votes.
April 4: Former Maltese Minister of Foreign Affairs George Vella was sworn in as president of the island of Malta.
April 12: North Korea underwent major changes in state leadership, including the appointment of Choe Ryong-hae as the country's new honorary president and prime minister.
April 15: The leader of the left-wing Social Democratic Party of Finland won the parliamentary elections after his party won 17.8 percent of votes.
April 16: Colonel Osman Ghazali won the second round of presidential elections in the Comoros with 40.98 percent of votes.
April 21: Comedian Volodymyr Zelensky scored a landslide victory in Ukraine's presidential election after winning more than 70 percent of votes.
May 1: Japan's new emperor Naruhito officially took office after abdication of Emperor Akihito.
May 21: Indonesian President Joko Widodo won the presidential election with 55.5 percent of votes.
May 23: The Indian People's Party of Bharatiya Janata, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, won the country's general elections.
May 30: Austrian President Alexander van der Bellen appointed Constitutional Court Judge Berjeta Berlan as the first Chancellor in the republic history.
June 6: Denmark's Socialist Democratic Bloc, led by Mette Frederiksen, won 91 of the 179 parliamentary seats in the general elections to be the country's prime minister.
June 12: Kassym-Jomart Tokayev was sworn in as president of Kazakhstan after winning presidential elections after former President Nursultan Nazarbayev stepped down from power.
June 24: Turkish opposition candidate Ekrem Imamoglu won the Istanbul municipal elections with 54 percent of votes.
July 1: Mauritanian Constitutional Council officially announced the victory of Mohammad Ould Ghazouani in the presidential elections with 52 percent of votes.
Oct 20: Indonesian President Joko Widodo was sworn in for a second five-year term in a ceremony that was attended by 17 heads of state and government after winning 55.5 percent of votes in the presidential elections held on May 21.
Oct 22: Japan's Emperor Naruhito proclaimed his ascension to the throne in an elaborate ceremony that was attended by a thousand people, including leaders and senior officials from 180 countries and world organizations.
Oct 23: Tunisian President Qais Saied took the oath of office at parliament after garnering 72.71 percent of votes in the presidential election.
Oct 26: Bolivia's supreme court declared that Evo Morales won a fourth term of office after winning 47.08 percent of votes while his main opposition rival got 36.51 percent in the presidential polls.
Oct 27: King Philippe of Belgium appointed the Budget and Public Services Minister Sophie Wilmes as new caretaker prime minister, becoming the country's first woman to have this position.
Oct 28: Centre-left opposition candidate Alberto Fernandez was elected president of Argentina by obtaining 47.79 percent of votes in the presidential vote.
Oct 29: Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Al-Hariri tendered resignation amid surging protests nationwide.
Nov. 4: The UK's House of Commons elected Labor Party MP Lindsay Hoyle as Speaker to succeed former Speaker John Bercow.
Nov. 10: President of Bolivia Evo Morales resigned after three weeks of public protests against him in the country.
Nov. 10: The Spanish ruling Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) won the majority of seats (120 out of 350) in the general elections.
Nov. 10: President of Botswana Mokgweetsi Masisi swore the constitutional oath after winning a second presidency term.
Nov. 13: Bolivian opposition leader Jeanine Anez announced herself as an interim President of Bolivia, after former President Evo Morales resigned.
Nov. 13: Tunisia's parliament elected Ennahda Movement leader Rached Ghannouchi as Speaker.
Nov. 15: Tunisian President Kais Saied tasked Ennahda Movement candidate Habib Al-Jamali with forming a new government.
Nov. 16: Former Sri Lankan Defense Minister and opposition candidate Gotabaya Rajapaksa won the presidential elections after receiving 51.62 percent of votes.
Nov. 21: Israel's Blue and White party leader Benny Gantz failed in forming a new government.
Nov. 24: Romania President Klaus Iohannis won the re-election round for presidency after receiving 66.5 percent of votes.
Dec. 10: Finland's parliament approved nominating the 34-year-old politician Sanna Marin member of the Social Democratic party, as Prime Minister, becoming world youngest Prime Minister. Dec. 19: Abdulmajeed Tabboune was sworn in as Algerian President after winning 58 percent of votes. (end) eng