By Ahmad Moussa
KUWAIT, Dec 9 (KUNA) -- For the second time in a row, Saudi Arabia is to host to the 40th Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Summit on Tuesday.
This year's summit will convene amidst even more - critical and complex regional circumstances - than before, with the leaders of the Gulf bloc expected to table and attempt to thoroughly look into, as well as genuinely attempt to safeguard the region's political, economic, security and social domains.
The following is a chronology of the 39th Gulf summits since the GCC was created in 1981: The first and second Gulf summits were held in Abu Dhabi and Riyadh in May and November 1981 respectively.
The third summit was held in Manama in 1982, while the fourth and fifth took place in Doha and Kuwait in 1983 and 1984 respectively.
Muscat hosted the sixth GCC gathering in 1985, followed by the seventh in Abu Dhabi in 1986 and the eighth in Riyadh in 1987.
In 1988, the ninth summit was held in Manama, followed by the 10th in Muscat in 1989 and the 11th in Doha in 1990.
Kuwait hosted the 12th Gulf gathering in 1991, while Abu Dhabi and Riyadh hosted the 13th and 14th meetings in 1992 and 1993.
Manama hosted the 15th Gulf meeting in 1994, and the following two events took place in Muscat and Doha in 1995 and 1996.
The 18th version of the annual Gulf gathering was hosted by Kuwait in 1997, followed by the 19th in Abu Dhabi in 1998, the 20th in Riyadh in 1999, the 21st in Manama in 2000, the 22nd in Muscat in 2001 and the 23rd in Doha in 2002.
The 24th summit was held in Kuwait in 2003, while the 25th version took place in Manama in 2004 under the title: "Zayed Summit" to pay tribute to the late UAE president Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al-Nahyan due to his major contributions and efforts in serving Gulf, Arab, Muslim and world causes.
Abu Dhabi played was to the 26th conference in 2005, which was called: "King Fahad Summit" in appreciation for the late Saudi King Fahad Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud's great role in the promotion of Gulf, Arab, Muslim and international issues.
In 2006, Riyadh hosted the 27th version entitled: "Sheikh Jaber Summit" as a token of appreciation and gratitude to the late Amir Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah for his great role in creating the GCC and serving Arab and Muslim issues, along with the ones of regional and world peace.
Doha and Muscat hosted the 28th and 29th Gulf events in 2007 and 2008 respectively. The 30th, 31st, 32nd and 33rd summits were organized in Kuwait in 2009, Abu Dhabi in 2010, Riyadh in 2011 and Manama in 2012, consecutively.
Kuwait hosted the 34th summit in 2013, while the 35th took place in Doha in 2014, followed by the 36th version in Riyadh in 2015 and the 37th in Manama in 2016.
Kuwait's most recent hosting was in 2017 for the 38th version of the annual summit.
Last year was Riyadh's turn hosting the 39th summit.
This year's version is convening with signs of mending the political rift among member states are in the air, as peoples of the Gulf are in anticipation for such step, as well as for their other expectations to be fulfilled on all levels. (end) mad.hb